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蒸香鸭加盟选用什么样的鸭舍
来源:http://www.zuixianya888.com 时间:2020-3-24 15:01:20

  1.陆地运动场地是鸭子休息和运动的场所,面积是鸭舍的1.5 ~ 2倍。操场的地面是用砖块、水泥和其他材料铺成的。游乐场的一半地方应搭起藤架,或种植葡萄等植物,形成可供进食的阴凉地方。陆上运动场与水上运动场的连接处为砖或水泥砌成的小斜坡。斜坡应伸展至水上活动场地下10厘米。

  1. The land sports ground is a place for ducks to rest and exercise, with an area of 1.5 ~ 2 times that of the duck house. The ground of the playground is made of bricks, cement and other materials. Half of the playground should be set up with vines or planted with plants such as grapes to form a cool place for eating. The joint of land sports ground and water sports ground is a small slope made of brick or cement. The slope should extend to 10 cm below the water playground.

  2.水上运动场地水上运动场地为蒸鸭沐浴和养殖。水上运动场地可以利用天然的溪谷池、河流、湖泊,也可以利用人工洗浴。假如用天然河流作为水上运动场,靠陆地运动场这一边,要用水泥或石头建造。人工浴缸一般宽2.5-3米,深0.5-0.8米,由水泥制成。水上活动场地的出水口应设有沉降井(图16)。沉淀物和排泄物可以沉淀下来,以避免堵塞排水通道。

  2. The water sports ground is steam duck bathing and breeding. The water sports ground can use the natural stream and valley pool, river and lake, and also can use the artificial bathing. If a natural river is used as a water sports ground, on the side of the land sports ground, cement or stone should be used. The artificial bathtub is generally 2.5-3M wide and 0.5-0.8m deep, made of cement. The water outlet of the water activity site shall be provided with a settling well (Figure 16). Sediment and excreta can settle down to avoid blocking the drainage channel.

蒸香鸭加盟

  3.根据孵化器的数量和型号大小确定孵化器的设计面积。室内高度一般为3.2-3.8米。屋顶、墙面和地面应具有良好的保温隔热性能,使室内温度保持在24-26℃为宜。孵化室应通风良好,废气应通过室外,保持室内空气新鲜。地面应平整平整,便于推拉鸡蛋架车,地面还需有微坡,并设置排水沟,供清洗消毒。室内的水和电必须24小时供应。

  3. Determine the design area of the incubator according to the number and model size of the incubator. The indoor height is generally 3.2-3.8m. The roof, wall and ground shall have good heat preservation and insulation performance, so as to keep the indoor temperature at 24-26 ℃. The incubator shall be well ventilated and the exhaust gas shall pass through the outdoor to keep the indoor air fresh. The ground shall be flat and flat, easy to push and pull the egg rack car, and the ground shall be provided with micro slope and drainage ditch for cleaning and disinfection. Indoor water and electricity must be supplied 24 hours a day.

  孵化场是养鸭场的重要组成部分。为了防疫,大型养鸭场设有单独的孵化场。孵育室应与外界保持可靠的隔离距离,特殊的出入口应与鸭舍保持至少150米的距离,以避免病原微生物从鸭舍横向传播。孵化工厂的工艺流程为:接收2种鸡蛋→选蛋、上碟→消毒→储藏→预温消毒→孵化→出雏→处理雏鸭→等待运输→清洗消毒。孵化器的布局如图17所示。

  Hatchery is an important part of duck farm. In order to prevent epidemic, large duck farms have separate hatcheries. The incubation room shall be kept at a reliable isolation distance from the outside, and the special entrance and exit shall be kept at least 150 meters away from the duck house to avoid the horizontal transmission of pathogenic microorganisms from the duck house. The technological process of the incubation plant is: receiving 2 kinds of eggs → selecting eggs, serving dishes → disinfection → storage → pre temperature disinfection → incubation → hatching → processing ducklings → waiting for transportation → cleaning and disinfection. The layout of the incubator is shown in Figure 17.

  4. 不同类型鸭子(肉型或蛋型)的饲养密度和鸭舍面积估计;同一种鸭子如不同年龄、不同生长发育阶段,其饲养密度也不同,每平方米鸭子的数量也不相同。因此,在计算鸭舍建筑面积时,要留有余地,适当放宽规划。但是在鸭舍的使用上,要仔细规划,充分利用鸭舍的面积,提高鸭舍的利用率。

  4. Estimation of the feeding density and the area of the duck house for different types of ducks (meat type or egg type); for the same kind of ducks, such as different ages and different growth stages, the feeding density is also different, and the number of ducks per square meter is also different. Therefore, when calculating the building area of the duck house, we should leave room and relax the planning properly. But in the use of the duck house, we should plan carefully, make full use of the area of the duck house, and improve the utilization rate of the duck house.

  确定养殖密度的一般原则是,冬季单位面积内可适当饲养一些(饲养密度),夏季少饲养一些;鸭舍面积大,饲养密度可适当大,鸭舍面积小可适当少养F场大型鸭舍,饲养密度可适当大,操场小型鸭舍,饲养密度可适当小。表7和表8显示了肉鸭和蛋鸭的饲养密度。

  The general principle for determining the breeding density is that in winter, some of them can be properly raised (breeding density) and in summer, some of them can be raised less; in summer, if the area of the duck house is large, the breeding density can be appropriately large, if the area of the duck house is small, the large duck house of f field can be properly raised less, the breeding density can be appropriately large, if the playground is small, the breeding density can be appropriately small. Table 7 and table 8 show the feeding density of meat duck and egg duck.

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