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醉仙鸭加盟讲解怀孕和哺乳期要注意补碘
来源:http://www.zuixianya888.com 时间:2014-6-27 11:22:46
碘对人智力的发育具有非常重要的意义。疾控专家提醒,胎儿期和婴幼儿期是大脑发育的两个主要时期,此时缺碘会影响小儿大脑的正常发育,造成不可恢复的智力残疾。而胎儿、婴儿时期所需碘全部或大部分来自母体,因此孕期和哺乳期补碘有着十分重要的意义。
Has a very important significance on intelligence development of iodine. Disease control experts remind, the fetus and infants are the two main periods of brain development, the iodine deficiency will affect the normal development of the brain, causing irreversible intellectual disability. Fetal, infant required iodine all or most from the mother during pregnancy and lactation, the supplement is very important.
  由于妊娠期间肾脏对碘的清除率增高,孕妇容易发生内源性碘缺失;另一方面,由于妊娠反应、水肿、妊娠高血压等缘故,孕妇会减少食盐的摄入量,从而导致碘摄入的减少。这些因素会导致孕妇缺碘。而对于哺乳妇女,部分人会担心奶汁含盐量高影响婴儿健康,也减少盐摄入量,奶汁中排出的碘随之减量,从而引起婴儿的碘摄入不足。
The removal of iodine during pregnancy kidney increased, pregnant women are prone to endogenous iodine deficiency; on the other hand, because of the pregnancy reaction, edema, pregnancy induced hypertension and other reasons, pregnant women will reduce salt intake, resulting in reduced iodine intake. These factors will lead to iodine deficiency in pregnant women. For lactating women, some people worry that the milk with high salt content affect the health of babies, reducing salt intake, milk iodine with discharge reduction, causing the baby's insufficient iodine intake.
  钟文说,孕妇和哺乳期妇女除坚持每天食用碘盐外,还应经常摄入一些含碘丰富的食物如紫菜、海带等,既适应她们在特殊时期摄盐量少的特点,又能保证特殊时期充足的碘摄入量。
Zhong Wen said, pregnant and lactating women in addition to adhere to a daily consumption of iodized salt, should often eat some foods rich in iodine, such as kelp, laver, both to adapt to the characteristics of their intake salt quantity in the special period, and can guarantee the special period of adequate iodine intake.